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Department of Linguistics

PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY

Laryngeal Mechanisms and Voicing: Examples

Robert Mannell

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Voiced vs. Breathy Vowels in Gujarati

[bar] twelve [ba̤r] outside
[por] last year [po̤r] early mornings

Voiced vs. Creaky Vowels in Lango

[le] animal [lḛ] axe
[kor] chest [ko̰r] hen's nest

Voiced vs. Creaky Approximants in Hausa

[jaro] boy children

Voicing in Hindi

Voiceless
Aspirated
Voiceless
Unaspirated
Voiced Breathy
Voiced
[pʰal] [pal] [bal]
take care of edge of knife hair forehead