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Department of Linguistics

PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY

Australian English Transcription
Practice Exercises

Felicity Cox and Robert Mannell


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ANSWERS FOR EXERCISES: Phonetic TRANSCRIPTIONS

EXERCISE 1

1   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  kʰɐː 26   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰæps
2   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  iːt 27   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  lɪ̃ŋk
3   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  mæ̃p 28   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  k̠ʰoːz̥d̥
4   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɹɔoɫ 29   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  splɑest
5   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  boɪ 30   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  skɹɪp̚t
6   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fɑen 31   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  skɹɐ̃ntʃt
7   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  θoːt 32   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bɐɫd̥ʒd̥
8   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  pʰɜːs 33   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  kɹ̥ɐsts
9   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  jʉːθ 34   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sɪksθs or sɪksts
10   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bæɪʒ̊ 35   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sṯɹẽŋkθ
11   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  dʒɔɡ̊ 36   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  heɫm
12   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðẽn 37   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɹɔbd̥
13   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʃɪəz̥ 38   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  k̟ʰæʃ
14   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰɪ̃n 39   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  jʉːɫ
15   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  deə 40   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɡɹæsp
16   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ʃɐv̥ 41   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sl̥əʉ
17   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hæ̃ŋ 42   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fl̥eə
18   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  mæɔs 43   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰɑeəd̥
19   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɔʃ 44   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɪ̃ŋk
20   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fæɪd̥ 45   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fɹ̥æ̃ɔnd̥
21   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰæks 46   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  loɪ̃nz
22   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰẽn̪θ 47   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  stjʉːd̥
23   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  pɹ̥ɑed̥ 48   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  skweː
24   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  k̟ɹ̥iːp 49   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  weɫʃ
25   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  dweɫ 50   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hɪ̃ndʒ̥d̥

EXERCISE 2

1   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bəɡ̟ɪ̃n
2   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɹekə
3   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  eːɹəʉ
4   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  deləɡ̟æɪt
5   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɪ̃mpʰəʉz̥
6   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fæləsiː
7   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  nɔktʰɜ̃ːn
8   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  dəfæ̃məṯɹ̥iː
9   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  vɑeədɐkt
10   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sk̟æɔlɪ̃ŋ
11   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  kw̥ɔlətiː
12   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɐːtʃbɪʃəp
13   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sɪkstiːəθ
14   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  mæ̃k̟ɹ̥əʉbɑeɔtɪk
15   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  jʉːlədʒiː
16   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  æɪʒə
17   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɔktəpʊs
18   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  əɡzẽmpts
19   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɹiːɔk̟jəpɑe
20   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  æ̃ntʰiːdɪsəstæblɪʃmə̃ntʰeːɹiːə̃nɪzm̩

EXERCISE 3

1   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɹəɡɐːd̥
2   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɪ̃nɜːt
3   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  dæ̃nsə
4   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  əkspekt or ekspekt
5   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bæɡ̟ɪdʒ̊
6   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fə̃netɪks
7   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  mjʉːzɪk
8   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  k̟ʰæɹə̃məɫ
9   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  məkw̥ɔɹiː
10   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bɑeə
11   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sɪkstĩːn̪θ
12   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ẽnk̟ʰæpsjəlæɪt
13   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bɑeɔlədʒiː
14   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɪ̃ntʰɜːpɹətʰæɪʃə̃n
15   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ṯɹ̥ɑeæθliːt
16   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  pʰɔliːɐ̃nsætʃəɹæɪtəd̥
17   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɐ̃nəkspek̚tədliː
18   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  æ̃nək̚dəʉtɫ̩
19   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  mɑekɹəfəʉ̃nz̥
20   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sʉːpək̟ʰæləfɹ̥ædʒəlɪstɪk̟ekspiːælədəʉʃəs

EXERCISE 4

1   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɪə 26   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  k̟j̊ʉːb̥
2   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɐːtʃ 27   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tw̥ɪ̃n
3   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰiː 28   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  depθ
4   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  jɔt 29   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  kɹ̥æʃt
5   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɔ̃n 30   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɡlɪ̃mpst
6   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  jɐ̃ŋ 31   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  skɐɫpts
7   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  æks 32   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  dʒʉ̃ːn
8   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  kl̥æɪ 33   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sk̟jʉː
9   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  pj̊ʉː 34   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bɐːk
10   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  stæɪk 35   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  iːst
11   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hɪ̃ndʒ̊ 36   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɹeə
12   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  skɹætʃ 37   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hæɔ
13   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  mjʉːz̥ 38   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  θw̥oːt
14   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  splæʃt 39   Sound image. Click here to play sound. sṯɹẽŋkθ
15   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰiːk 40   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bɐɫdʒd̥
16   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  nɑ̃en̪θ 41   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  çʉː
17   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  skwɔʃt 42   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ʃɹ̥iːk̚t
18   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  æk̚ts 43   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  θɹ̥ɪɫd̥
19   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sḵoːtʃt 44   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sw̥ʉ̃ːn
20   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  mɪŋk 45   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰeksts
21   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  sṯɹɔ̃ŋ 46   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  beɫtʃt
22   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɜːɫd̥z̥ 47   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fɪɫmd̥
23   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wedʒ̊d 48   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɡɹæɔɫ
24   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  θæ̃ŋks 49   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  skʉːɫ
25   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  kɹ̥ɐːfts 50   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɐː

EXERCISE 5

  1.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [k̟ʰæts ə̃n dɔɡz niːd̥ tə biː lɐvd ə̃n woːk̚t evɹiː dæɪ]
  2.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ɑe lɐɡd̪ ðə sʉːtk̟ʰæɪsəz oːɫ ðə wæɪ fɹ̥ə̃m ðə pʰɔlɪʃt vestəbjʉːɫ tə ðə fl̥æts æ̃ntəkw̥æɪtəd ɔoɫd lɪft]
  3.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ðiː ætməsfɪə ɹ əv ðə kʰəʉziː stʃʉːdiːəʉ wəz nɔt ət oːɫ kə̃ndʒʉːsɪv̥ tə ðə soːt əv̥ θɪ̃ŋ ðiː ɐ̃ːmĩːniːə̃n tʰĩːnæɪdʒə hæd ɪ̃n mɑ̃end̥]
  4.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ðə speʃəɫ vɪʒə̃n wɪtʃ əʉʃə̃n bɜːd̥z̥ hæv ə̃næɪbɫ̩z ðẽm tʰʉː ɪ̃nspek̚t k̟ʰæzm̩z wɪtʃ wiː wəd mɪs]
  5.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ðə lɪtɫ̩ nɜːs ḏɹʉː ə diːp bɹeθ
      Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɑept̪ ðə tʰɪəz əv meɹiːmə̃nt fɹ̥ə̃m həɹ ɑez ə̃n biːɡ̟æ̃n tə mæɪk hɜː pɹ̥epəɹæɪʃə̃nz̥ fə ɡ̟ɪvɪ̃ŋ ðə pʰæɪʃə̃nt hɪz ɪ̃ndʒekʃə̃n]
  6.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [mædn̩d ə̃nd æ̃ŋɡ̟ɹiː ðæɪ wə liːpɪ̃ŋ ə̃n hæɔɫɪ̃ŋ ɹæ̃ɔnd̪ ðə ṯɹ̥ɐ̃ŋks
      Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n kʰɜːsɪ̃ŋ ðə dwoːvz ɪ̃n̪ ðeː hɔɹəbɫ̩ læ̃ŋɡ̄wɪdʒ wɪθ ðeː tʰɐ̃ŋz̥ hæ̃ŋɪ̃ŋ æɔt ə̃n̪ ðeː ɹed ɑez̥ ʃɑ̃enɪ̃ŋ əz ɹed ə̃ɱ fɪəs əz ðə fl̥æ̃ɪmz̥]
  7.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [sɐ̃mweː biːhɑ̃end̪ ðə ɡɹæɪ kl̥æɔdz ðə sɐ̃n mɐst əv ɡ̄ɔ̃n dæ̃ɔn
      Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fəɹ ət bəɡ̟æ̃n tə ɡ̟et dɐːk əz ðæɪ wẽnt dæ̃ɔn ɪ̃ntə ðə diːp væliː wɪð ə ɹɪvə ɹ ət̪ ðə bɔtə̃m]
  8.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [fɐː ɹ əwæɪ ɑe hɪə ðə dɪstə̃nt ḏɹɐ̃mɪ̃ŋ əv mɑe fɐːðə ɹ əz iː bəɡ̟ɪ̃nz̥ pɹ̥æktəsɪ̃ŋ fə ɹ ə ləʉkəɫ bæ̃nd̥ ḵʰɔ̃mpətʰɪʃə̃n]
  9.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [stjʉːdə̃nts siːk̟ɪ̃ŋ ɡ̄ɑedə̃ns θoːt hɪz̥ sɐdn̩ æ̃b̥sə̃ns wəz̥ kw̥ɑet ɹɔʔn̩]
  10.   Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ðiː ɪ̃nə ɹ əlʉ̃ːmə̃næɪʃən wəz̥ sw̥ɔləʉd ɐp ɪ̃n ə̃nɐðə kʰɑ̃end əv lɑet]

EXERCISE 6

Passage 1

  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ðə sɐ̃n wəz dʒɐs ɹɑezɪ̃ŋ əz dɔktə ɹɔbət ẽntəd ɪz wɑefs ɹʉ̃ːm ət̪ ðə hɔspətɫ̩
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n ɔɹɪ̃ndʒ ɡləʉ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  æ̃nd əɡ̟ẽnst ət
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðə dʒæɡəd̥ sɪləwet əv ðə mæ̃ɔntə̃nz̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðẽn sɐdə̃nliː ə dæzɫ̩ɪ̃ŋ sɪkəɫ əv ɪ̃nk̟ʰæ̃ndesə̃ns bətw̥ĩːn tʰʉː pʰiːks
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðə sɪkəɫ biːk̟ʰæ̃ɪm ə hɐːfsɜːkəɫ ə̃n̪ ðə fɜːst lɔ̃ŋ ʃædəʉz̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðə fɜːs ʃɐːfts əv ɡ̄ɔoɫdə̃n lɑet kɹ̥ɔst̪ ðə ɡɐːdə̃n æ̃ɔtsɑed̪ ðə wɪ̃ndəʉ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n wẽn wɐ̃n lʊkt ɐp əɡ̟ẽn ət̪ ðə mæ̃ɔntə̃nz̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðeː wəz ðə hɔoɫ ɐ̃nbeːɹəbɫ̩ ɡloːɹiː ɔv ðə ɹɪzə̃n sɐ̃n]

Passage 2

  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ɑe wəz θɪ̃ŋk̟ɪ̃ŋ əv̥ tʰʉː pʰiːpəɫ ɑe met lɐːs tʰɑ̃em ɑe wəz ɪ̃n ɪ̃ŋɡlə̃nd̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə k̟ʰæ̃ɪmbɹɪdʒ̊
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɐ̃n əv ðə̃m wəz ə̃n ətʰɔ̃mɪk fɪzəsəst
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðiː ɐðə wəz ə fəlɔsəfə
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bəʉθ əksṯɹiːmlĩː ẽmə̃nə̃nt
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bət wɐ̃n hæd ə mẽntɫ̩ æɪdʒ æɔtsɑed̪ ðə ləbɔɹəṯɹiː
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɔv əbæɔt əlevə̃n
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ən̪ ðiː ɐðə wəz ə kə̃mpʰɔɫsɪv iːtə wɪð ə wæɪt pɹ̥ɔbləm ðət hiː ɹiːfjʉːz̥d̥ tə fæɪs
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tʰʉː əksṯɹĩːm əɡzæ̃mpəɫz əv wɔt hæpə̃nz wẽn jʉː tʰæɪk ə kl̥evə boɪ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɡ̟ɪv hɪ̃m fɪftĩːn jɪəz əv ðə məʉst ɪ̃ntʰẽnsɪv̥ fõːməɫ edʒək̟ʰæɪʃə̃n
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n tʰəʉtəliː nəɡlek̚t tə dʉː ẽniːθɪ̃ŋ fə ðə mɑ̃enbɔdiː
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɪtʃ hæz̥ tə dʉː ðə lɛːnɪ̃ŋ æ̃n̪ ðə lɪvɪ̃ŋ]

Passage 3

  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [ɐp dʒɐ̃mp̚t bɪɫbəʉ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n pʰʊtɪ̃ŋ ɔ̃n hɪz ḏɹesɪ̃ŋɡ̟æ̃ɔn wẽnt ɪ̃ntə ðə dɑ̃enɪ̃ŋ ɹʉ̃ːm
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðeː hiː soː nəʉbɔdiː
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bət oːɫ ðə sɑ̃enz əv ə lɐːdʒ ə̃n hɐɹiːd bɹekfəst
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðeː wəz ə fɪəfəɫ mes ɪ̃n̪ ðə̃ ɹʉ̃ːm ə̃n pʰɑeɫz əv ɐ̃nwɔʃt kɹ̥ɔks ɪ̃n̪ ðə k̟ʰɪtʃə̃n
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  nɪəliː evɹiː pʰɔt ə̃n pʰæ̃n hiː pəzest sĩːmd̥ tʰʉː ə bĩːn jʉːz̥d̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðə wɔʃɪ̃ŋ ɐ̃p wəz̥ səʉ dɪzməliː ɹiːɫ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðəp bɪɫbəʉ wəz̥ foːst tə bəliːv ðə pʰɐːtiː əv ðə nɑet bəfoː həd nɔt bĩːn pʰɐːt əv ɪz bæd ḏɹĩːmz̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  əz hiːḏ ɹɐːðə həʉp̚t
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɪ̃ndiːd̥ hiː wəz ɹɪəliː ɹəliːvd ɐːftə
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  tə θɪ̃ŋk ðət̪ ðæɪd oːɫ ɡ̄ɔ̃n wɪðæɔt ɪ̃m
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɪðæɔt bɔðəɹɪ̃ŋ tə wæɪk̟ ɪ̃m ɐp
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bɐt wɪθ nevə ɹ ə θæ̃ŋk̟j̊ʉː hiː θoːt
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n jet
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɪ̃n ə wæɪ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hiː ḵʰʊdn̩t heɫp fiːlɪ̃ŋ dʒəst ə ṯɹ̥ɑefəɫ dɪsəpʰõɪntəd̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðə fiːlɪ̃ŋ səpɹ̥ɑez̥d̥ hɪ̃m]

Passage 4

  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  [diːp dæ̃ɔn hɪə bɑe ðə dɐːk woːtə lɪvd ɔoɫd ɡ̄ɔlə̃m
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə smoːɫ slɑ̃emiː kɹ̥iːtʃə
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɑe dəʉ̃nt nəʉ weː hiː k̟ʰæ̃ɪm fɹ̥ɔ̃m
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  noː hʉː oː wɔt iː wɔz̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hiː wəz ə ɡ̄ɔlə̃m
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  əz dɐːk əz dɐːknəs
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  əksept fə tʰʉː bɪɡ ɹæ̃ɔnd pʰæɪɫ ɑez ɪ̃n hɪz̥ θɪ̃n fæɪs
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hiː hæd ə lɪtɫ̩ bəʉt
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n iː ɹəʉd əbæɔt kw̥ɑet kw̥ɑeətliː ɔ̃n̪ ðə læɪk
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  foː læɪk̟ ɪt wɔz̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɑed ə̃n diːp
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ə̃n dedliː k̠ʰɔoɫd̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hiː pʰædɫ̩d ɪt wɪθ lɐːd̥ʒ fiːt dæ̃ŋɡlɪ̃ŋ əʉvə ðə sɑed̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bɐt nevə ɹ ə ɹɪpəɫ dɪd iː mæɪk
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  nɔt hiː
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hiː wəz lʊk̟ɪ̃ŋ æ̃ɔt əv̥ hɪz pʰæɪɫ læ̃mplɑek ɑez̥ fə blɑ̃end̥ fɪʃ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  wɪtʃ hiː ɡ̟ɹæb̚d wɪθ ɪz lɔ̃ŋ fɪ̃ŋɡəz əz kw̥ɪk əz̥ θɪ̃ŋkɪ̃ŋ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hiː lɑek̚t miːt tʰʉː
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɡ̄ɔblə̃n hiː θoːt ɡʊd̥ wẽn iː kəd ɡ̟et ət
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  bət hiː tʰʊk k̟ʰeː ðæɪ nevə fæ̃ɔnd hɪ̃m æɔt
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  hiː dʒəs θɹ̥ɔtɫ̩d ə̃m fɹ̥ə̃m biːhɑ̃end̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ɪf evə ðæɪ k̟ʰæ̃ɪm dæ̃ɔn ələʉ̃n ẽniːweː nɪə ðiː edʒ əv ðə woːtə wɑeɫ hiː wəz̥ pɹ̥æɔlɪ̃ŋ əbæɔt
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðæɪ seɫdə̃m dɪd̥
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  fə ðæɪ hæd ə fiːlɪ̃ŋ
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  ðət sɐ̃mpθɪ̃ŋ ɐ̃mpl̥ezə̃nt wəz lɜːk̟ɪ̃ŋ dæ̃ɔn̪ ðeː
  Sound image. Click here to play sound.  dæ̃ɔn ət̪ ðə veɹiː ɹʉːts əv ðə mæ̃ɔntə̃n]