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Department of Linguistics

LING110 Language Description
Phonetics and Phonology Pages

The Phonemes of Australian English

CONSONANTS
The consonant symbols used below are the symbols used in the Macquarie Dictionary
 
  ORAL STOPS (or plosives)
  Unvoiced   Voiced
Bilabial "pat"   "bat"
Alveolar "tin"   "din"
Velar "cap"   "gap"
 
  AFFRICATES
  Unvoiced   Voiced
Post-alveolar "choose"   "judge"
 
  FRICATIVES
  Unvoiced   Voiced
Labio-dental "fan"   "van"
Apico-dental "think"   "these"
Alveolar "so"   "zoo"
Post-alveolar "she"   "beige"
Glottal "he"      
 
  NASALS (or Nasal Stops)
  Unvoiced   Voiced
Bilabial       "my"
Alveolar       "no"
Velar       "sing"
 
  APPROXIMANTS
  Unvoiced   Voiced
Labio-velar Semi-vowel       "we"
Palatal Semi-vowel       "you"
Alveolar Lateral       "leaf"
Post-alveolar Retroflex       "run"


VOWELS
The vowel symbols used below are referred to as the Mitchell-Delbridge vowel symbols and are the symbols used in the Macquarie Dictionary
 
Single-target vowels (Monophthongs)
Long vowels   Short vowels
"heed"   "hid"
"hair"   "head"
      "had"
"hard"   "mud"
"hoard"   "pod"
"food"   "good"
"heard"   "away"
 
Two-target vowels (Diphthongs)
"say"   "high"
"toy"   "so"
"how"   "here"
"tour"